bibliocoverage — The spatial or temporal coverage of a document.


bibliocoverage ::= [-]


Common attributes and common linking attributes.

Additional attributes:

  • All of:
    • Exactly one of:
      • spatial (enumeration)
        • “dcmipoint”
        • “iso3166”
        • “dcmibox”
        • “tgn”
      • Each of:
        • spatial (enumeration)
          • “otherspatial”
        • otherspatial (NMTOKEN)
    • Exactly one of:
      • temporal (enumeration)
        • “dcmiperiod”
        • “w3c-dtf”
      • Each of:
        • temporal (enumeration)
          • “othertemporal”
        • othertemporal (NMTOKEN)

Required attributes are shown in bold.


The bibliocoverage element is equivalent to the coverage element of the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set [DCMI].

The Dublin Core defines coverage as “the extent or scope of the content of the resource.” It goes on to say:

Spatial topic and spatial applicability may be a named place or a location specified by its geographic coordinates. Temporal topic may be a named period, date, or date range. A jurisdiction may be a named administrative entity or a geographic place to which the resource applies.

Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online []. Where appropriate, named places or time periods can be used in preference to numeric identifiers such as sets of coordinates or date ranges.

DocBook V4.2 added bibliocoverage, bibliorelation, and bibliosource to make the DocBook meta-information wrappers a superset of the Dublin Core.

Processing expectations

Formatted inline. Sometimes suppressed.

This element is used for both spatial and temporal coverage, but only one should be specified at a time. In other words, on any given instance of the bibliocoverage element, specify either the spatial attribute or the temporal attribute, but not both.


Common attributes and common linking attributes.


A keyword that identifies the type of non-standard coverage


A keyword that identifies the type of non-standard coverage


Specifies the type of spatial coverage

Enumerated values:

The DCMI Point identifies a point in space using its geographic coordinates


ISO 3166 Codes for the representation of names of countries


The DCMI Box identifies a region of space using its geographic limits


The Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


Specifies the type of temporal coverage

Enumerated values:

A specification of the limits of a time interval


W3C Encoding rules for dates and times—a profile based on ISO 8601


These elements contain bibliocoverage: biblioentry, bibliomixed, bibliomset, biblioset, info (, info (, info (, info (, info (


The following elements occur in bibliocoverage: text, abbrev, acronym, alt, anchor, biblioref, coref, date, emphasis (db._emphasis), firstterm (db._firstterm), footnote, footnoteref, foreignphrase (db._foreignphrase), glossterm (db._glossterm), indexterm (db.indexterm.endofrange), indexterm (db.indexterm.singular), indexterm (db.indexterm.startofrange), inlinemediaobject, link, olink, phrase (db._phrase), quote (db._quote), remark, subscript, superscript, trademark, wordasword, xref.

Last revised by Norman Walsh on (git hash: c3457cab689d8fd89ba4252de204cf9a14e40acd 6a501344525f32f9834f0e4a5c3c3f8131803fa4 47fe34b28bad7941a61b9c1c17d47f6eed36cd04)