$Revision: 1666 $

$Date: 2002-06-12 07:19:37 -0400 (Wed, 12 Jun 2002) $

bibliography — A bibliography


Content Model

bibliography ::=


Common attributes





Parameter Entities

The following parameter entities contain bibliography:

Parameter Entities


A bibliography. A DocBook bibliography may contain some preferatory matter, but its main content is a set of bibliography entries (either BiblioEntry or BiblioMixed). These may occur inside BiblioDivs, instead of appearing directly in the Bibliograpy.

Processing expectations

Formatted as a displayed block. A Bibliography in a Book frequently causes a forced page break in print media.

Some systems may display only those entries within a Bibliography that are cited in the containing document. This may be an interchange issue. See Appendix F, Interchanging DocBook Documents.

The two styles of bibliography entry have quite different processing expectations. BiblioEntrys are “raw;” they contain a database-like collection of named fields. BiblioMixed entries are “cooked;” the fields occur in the order in which they will be presented and additional punctuation may be sprinkled between the fields.

See BiblioEntry and BiblioMixed for further discussion.


These elements contain bibliography: appendix, article, book, chapter, glossary, part, preface, sect1, sect2, sect3, sect4, sect5, section.



Status identifies the editorial or publication status of the Bibliography.

Publication status might be used to control formatting (for example, printing a “draft” watermark on drafts) or processing (perhaps a document with a status of “final” should not include any components that are not final).


The entries in a Bibliography come in two general forms, “raw” and “cooked”. A raw entry is a database-like collection of named fields:

<!DOCTYPE bibliography PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.1.2//EN"
<title>A Test Bibliography</title>


    <author><firstname>Alfred V.</firstname><surname>Aho</surname></author>
    <author><firstname>Jeffrey D.</firstname><surname>Ullman</surname></author>
             <holder>Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc.</holder></copyright>
  <editor><firstname>James T.</firstname><surname>DeWolf</surname></editor>
    <publishername>Addison-Wesley Publishing Company</publishername>
  <title>Compilers, Principles, Techniques, and Tools</title>

<biblioentry xreflabel="Kites75">
     <holder>Product Development International Holding N. V.</holder>
    <publishername>Plenary Publications International, Inc.</publishername>
  <subtitle>Ancient Craft to Modern Sport</subtitle>


  <biblioset relation='journal'>
    <title>XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques</title>
      <publishername>O'Reilly &amp; Associates, Inc.</publishername>
  <biblioset relation='article'>
    <title>A Guide to XML</title>
    <copyright><year>1997</year><holder>ArborText, Inc.</holder></copyright>



A cooked entry is formatted, including additional #PCDATA, so that it is easy to render.

<!DOCTYPE bibliography PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.1.2//EN"

  <bibliomset relation='article'>
    <surname>Walsh</surname>, <firstname>Norman</firstname>.
    <title role='article'>Introduction to Cascading Style Sheets</title>.
  <bibliomset relation='journal'>
    <title>The World Wide Web Journal</title> 
    <publishername>O'Reilly &amp; Associates, Inc.</publishername> and
    <corpname>The World Wide Web Consortium</corpname>.
    <pubdate>Winter, 1996</pubdate></bibliomset>.