surname — An inherited or family name; in western cultures the last name.


surname ::= [-]


A surname is an inherited or family name; in Western cultures, the last name. This is used for the patronymic or matronymic name or any name that is based on a person’s situation at birth or due to marriage or adoption.

Processing expectations

Formatted inline. In an address, this element may inherit the verbatim qualities of an address.


These elements contain surname: bibliomixed, bibliomset, personname.


The following elements occur in surname: text, abbrev, acronym, alt, anchor, annotation, biblioref, coref, date, emphasis (db._emphasis), firstterm (db._firstterm), footnote, footnoteref, foreignphrase (db._foreignphrase), glossterm (db._glossterm), indexterm (db.indexterm.endofrange), indexterm (db.indexterm.singular), indexterm (db.indexterm.startofrange), inlinemediaobject, link, olink, phrase (db._phrase), quote (db._quote), remark, replaceable, subscript, superscript, trademark, wordasword, xref.

Last revised by Norman Walsh on (git hash: 4460ecff4b65268b558037cbda9fadcfb9e3e09a 7c5a17532e372309975fdbdf572c92cf383a8b5d d8336abc499f0c937e6dbe0a81964bf398e6987d)