bibliocoverage — The spatial or temporal coverage of a document.


bibliocoverage ::=


Common attributes and common linking attributes.

Additional attributes:

  • All of:
    • Exactly one of:
      • spatial (enumeration)
        • “dcmipoint”
        • “iso3166”
        • “dcmibox”
        • “tgn”
      • Each of:
        • spatial (enumeration)
          • “otherspatial”
        • otherspatial (NMTOKEN)
    • Exactly one of:
      • temporal (enumeration)
        • “dcmiperiod”
        • “w3c-dtf”
      • Each of:
        • temporal (enumeration)
          • “othertemporal”
        • othertemporal (NMTOKEN)

Required attributes are shown in bold.


The bibliocoverage element is equivalent to the coverage element of the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set DCMI.

The Dublin Core defines coverage as the extent or scope of the content of the resource. It goes on to say:

Spatial topic and spatial applicability may be a named place or a location specified by its geographic coordinates. Temporal topic may be a named period, date, or date range. A jurisdiction may be a named administrative entity or a geographic place to which the resource applies.

Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online TGN. Where appropriate, named places or time periods can be used in preference to numeric identifiers such as sets of coordinates or date ranges.

DocBook V4.2 added bibliocoverage, bibliorelation, and bibliosource to make the DocBook meta-information wrappers a superset of the Dublin Core.

Processing expectations

Formatted inline. Sometimes suppressed.

This element is used for both spatial and temporal coverage, but only one should be specified at a time. In other words, on any given instance of the bibliocoverage element, specify either the spatial attribute or the temporal attribute, but not both.


Common attributes and common linking attributes.

any attribute

Any attribute in any other explicit namespace


A keyword that identifies the type of non-standard coverage


A keyword that identifies the type of non-standard coverage


Specifies the type of spatial coverage

Enumerated values:

The DCMI Point identifies a point in space using its geographic coordinates


ISO 3166 Codes for the representation of names of countries


The DCMI Box identifies a region of space using its geographic limits


The Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


Specifies the type of temporal coverage

Enumerated values:

A specification of the limits of a time interval


W3C Encoding rules for dates and times—a profile based on ISO 8601


These elements contain bibliocoverage: biblioentry, bibliomixed, bibliomset, biblioset, info (, info (, info (, info (, info (


The following elements occur in bibliocoverage: text, abbrev, acronym, alt, anchor, biblioref, coref, date, emphasis (db._emphasis), firstterm (db._firstterm), footnote, footnoteref, foreignphrase (db._foreignphrase), glossterm (db._glossterm), indexterm (db.indexterm.endofrange), indexterm (db.indexterm.singular), indexterm (db.indexterm.startofrange), inlinemediaobject, link, olink, phrase (db._phrase), quote (db._quote), remark, subscript, superscript, trademark, wordasword, xref.