## abstract

abstract — A summary.

abstract ::=

## Attributes

• If this element is the root element, it must have a version attribute.

## Description

An abstract can occur in most components of DocBook. It is expected to contain some sort of summary of the content with which it is associated (by containment).

### Processing expectations

Formatted as a displayed block. Sometimes suppressed. Often presented in alternate outputs.

### Parents

These elements contain `abstract`: `biblioentry`, `bibliomixed`, `bibliomset`, `biblioset`, `info` (db.info), `info` (db.titleforbidden.info), `info` (db.titleonly.info), `info` (db.titleonlyreq.info), `info` (db.titlereq.info).

### Children

The following elements occur in `abstract`: .

Related elements: .

## Examples

```1`<article xmlns='http://docbook.org/ns/docbook'>`
`<info>`
`  <title>Example abstract</title>`
`  <abstract>`
5`    <para>In brief, …`
`    </para>`
`  </abstract>`
`</info>`
` `
10`<para>…</para>`
` `
`</article>`
```